Sciatica is associated with a feeling of pain, weaknesses, and numbness. Symptoms of sciatic pain differ but generally involve a pain in the buttocks. Sometimes the pain is felt in the back of the thigh, calf, or even just the toes.
Keep in mind that sciatica involves radicular pain that originates from the nerve. A pain that originates from the joint is not sciatica, but joint pain. The specific nerve pain can be traced to the area that has been injured.
Here you will learn about the different types of sciatica nerve pain depending on the source of the pain.
Sciatica nerve pain generally originates from the area between the lumbar segments L3 and L4 and L4 and L5. In some cases, it also originates between the lumbar segment L5 and sacral segment S1. Symptoms experienced by an individual differs depending on the location of the pain.
Sciatica symptoms that stem from the L3-L4 nerve root include pain in the lower leg or foot. The patient may not be able to heel walk i.e. bring the foot upwards. In addition, there is reduced knee-jerk reflex associated with nerve pain that stems from this level.
Sciatica symptoms that stem from the L4-L5 nerve root include pain at the top of the foot. The patient may also experience muscle weakness in the big toe extension and also in the ankle known as the foot drop.
Sciatica symptoms that stem from the L5-S1 nerve root include pain to the lateral side of the foot. The patient may also experience muscle weakness or numbness when walking on tiptoes or raising the heel. In addition, there is reduced knee-jerk reflex.
Although the above symptoms are common, an individual may also experience other symptoms that depend on factors such as the degree of the specific pathology and anatomical variances.
Sciatic nerve pain can be caused due to different reasons. One of the most common reasons for the condition is a lumbar herniated disk. Other causes of the sciatic nerve pain include the following.
Apart from the above, activities such as carrying a heavy load can lead to sciatica like symptoms. It’s recommended to consult with an experienced medical professional for the diagnosis and treatment of sciatica nerve pain.