Category: Chronic Pain

BSP 21: An Overview of Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is a common condition that results in neck and back pain. The condition is also one of the least understood medical condition.

Degenerative disc disease can result in pain in the neck and back. The pain due to degenerative disc can occur in the lower or upper back. In this post, you will learn more about how degenerative disc disease causes back pain.

About Degenerative Disc Disease

Disc degermation is common that occurs with time. The spinal disks at the back act similar to shock absorbers in a car. They are located between the bones and vertebrae of the spine. The discs help the back stay flexible as you twist and bend.

Symptoms of degenerative disc disease include numbness, weakness, and shooting pains. The pain can occur in the back or also the arms and legs, known as radicular pain. Disc degeneration typically consists of a chronic pain with intermittent episodes of severe pain.

Types of a Disc Degeneration

There are two common types of disc degeneration.

-Lumbar Spine — Disc degeneration in the lumbar spine results in pain in the lower back.

-Cervical Spine — Cervical spine degermation result ...

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BPS 20: Symptoms and Diagnosis of Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis may have different symptoms. The symptoms depend on the severity and the location of stenosis. In this post, we will look at the common symptoms of spinal stenos as well as proper diagnosis tests to identify the condition.

What are Common Spinal Stenosis Symptoms?

Spinal stenosis develops slowly over time. The symptoms can also occur intermittently. Instead of continuous pain, the symptoms can come and go. The symptoms of spinal stenosis may also occur when performing certain activities such as walking, riding a back or standing upright.

Patients suffering from spinal stenosis may experience relief from pain by lying down. They may also experience relief when in a flexed forward position.

Leg pain may develop due to lumbar spine stenosis. The medical word for the leg pain is claudication. It can be caused due to vascular claudication (arterial insufficiency) or neurogenic claudication due to spinal stenosis. In either condition, leg pain will subside with rest. The patient will have to sit down for a few minutes to ease the pain in the lower back.

In case of lumbar stenosis, pain may subside after flexing forward or sitting. This will ...

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BPS 19: What are the Treatment Options for Spinal Stenosis?

Spinal stenosis affects about 2.4 million people in the US. Most people experience severe pain due to spinal stenosis. Individuals suffering from the condition have difficulty in walking or writing for a long period of time. Some people have to use a cane to maintain balance when walking.

Spinal stenosis problem can be treated with nonsurgical and surgical options. In this article, we will inform about five common treatment options for the condition.

1. Behavioral Modification

Individuals suffering from spinal stenosis treatment are ordered to avoid activities that can worsen the symptoms. Recommended activity modification may include walking while leaning on a walker, or bent over instead of walking upright. Also, the individual may be advised to sit in a recliner rather than sitting in a chair.

2. Epidural Injections

Another treatment option for spinal stenosis is epidural injection. Doctors inject cortisone into the epidural space. This can help provide temporary relief from symptoms of spinal stenosis. However, recent studies have questioned the efficacy of the injections. There has also been concern over the risk of corticosteroid injections for patient ...

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BPS 18: Important Information about Cervical Stenosis with Myelopathy

Cervical spinal stenosis is a medical condition in which the protective spinal canal of the neck narrows. The narrowing can be due to a genetic defect, an injury, or degenerative changes. A condition known as myelopathy occurs in case the spinal canal narrows too much resulting in spinal cord compression.

What exactly is cervical stenosis with myelopathy? What are the causes? What are the symptoms? You will know the answers to these questions here in this article.

Cervical Stenosis with Myelopathy: An Overview

Cervical stenosis with myelopathy is also known as cervical spondylotic myelopathy or cervical spondylosis with myelopathy. Stenosis involves narrowing of the spinal canal while spondylosis is characterized by degeneration of the spine. Stenosis generally occurs due to spondylosis. The result is weakness, pain, and loss of coordination of one or more body parts or functions.

The spine of everyone degenerates with age. The intervertebral discs that provide cushioning between the bones of the vertebra loses hydration over time. It becomes flat, because of which the spinal discs may bulge into the spinal canal.

In addition, the facet joint located ...

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BPS 17: An Overview of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a serious medical condition that results due to the narrowing of the spinal nerves. Degeneration of the soft tissues that include the discs, muscles, and vertebrae may occur over time. The changes may ultimately lead to the spinal stenosis.

In this post, we will talk about a specific type of spinal stenosis known as lumbar spinal stenosis. Here you will learn about the symptoms, prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of the condition.

About Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Stenosis is derived from the Greek word meaning choking. The condition often results due to degenerative bone diseases such as spondylolisthesis and osteoarthritis. Lumbar spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal nerves in the lower back get chocked. This most often leads to severe leg pain among other symptoms.

Individuals with lumbar spinal stenosis often experience pain while walking, which is known as claudication. The pain results in diminished activity levels. Patients generally feel relieved when at rest but the pain resumes when walking.

Symptoms of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Individuals with lumbar spinal stenosis may feel different symptoms. Some of the symptoms include th ...

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BPS 16: What are the Causes, Types, and Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis?

Stenosis refers to an abnormal narrowing of the body. Spinal stenosis is a condition where the narrowing occurs in the bone channel occupied by the spinal cord and spinal nerves. Some people are born with a congenital defect, but most develop this as part of the degenerative disc due to aging.

The narrowing of the bone channel may result in radiating pain, numbness, and weakness. It can also result in a secondary compression of the spinal cord or nerves.

What are the Causes of Spinal Stenosis?

Spinal stenosis can occur due to many reasons. Some people have a small spinal canal that results in narrowing in the space within the spine. Other causes of the condition include herniated disks, overgrowth of bone, tumors, thickened ligaments, and spinal injuries.

People over the age of 50 are susceptible to developing spinal stenosis. Although, it can also happen in younger individuals.

Types of Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis types are classified according to the location where the problem occurs. Based on the location, spinal stenosis can be divided into two types.

1. Cervical Spinal Stenosis

Cervical spinal stenosis occurs in the neck area. The cond ...

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BPS 15: What are the Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Cauda Equina Syndrome?

Cauda equina syndrome is a serious medical condition that requires urgent medical attention. In case patients with the cauda equina syndrome do not receive the surgical intervention, it could result in serious adverse effects. Some of the adverse effects of the condition include impaired bladder, paralysis, difficulty walking, bowel control, and other physical and neurological issues.

Here we will look at the details of cauda equina syndrome including symptoms, prognosis, and treatments.

Cauda Equina Syndrome – An Overview

Cauda Equina Syndrome (CES) is a condition that results due to damage to the spinal nerves. The condition occurs due to a damage to the cauda equina nerves that are situated below the end of the spinal cord.

The term cauda equina is a Latin word that means ‘horse’s tail’. The condition is so named as it occurs due to damage to nerves on the spine that resembles the tail of the horse. The nerves extend through the lumbar spine towards the sacrum and down to each leg similar to a horse’s tail.

What are the Symptoms of Cauda Equina Syndrome?

Symptoms of cauda equina syndrome include lower back pain, numbne ...

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BPS 14: What You Need to Know About Lower Right Back Pain

Lower back pain is generally felt evenly across the back. But in some cases, the pain is felt entirely on the right. Knowing about the causes of the lower right back pain will help in the effective diagnosis of the condition.

In this post, you will learn about some of the probable causes of lower right back pain.

About the Lower Back Pain

Lower right back pain most commonly occurs due to an injury to the soft tissues. The soft tissues refer to tendons, ligaments, or muscles that support the spine.

Another common reason for lower back pain include a problem with the spinal structure such as the intervertebral discs. In addition, diseases or issues that affect the internal organs in the pelvic, abdominal, and mid-back region can also cause lower back pain problem.

The body generally heals on its own after an injury to the soft tissues. Although the initial pain may be significant, the pain tends to subside after a few days. Seeing a doctor is recommended only in case the lower back pain continues for a long time.

Causes of Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain may be due to many reasons. It is usually caused due to a serious condition that needs attent ...

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BPS 13: What is Lower Back Strain/ Pulled Back Muscle?

Most cases of lower back pain occur due to a damage to the soft tissues. The damage occurs in the soft tissues that support the lower spine. This includes tendons, muscles, and ligaments. The lower back spine depends on these soft tissues to hold the body straight.

The soft tissues that support the weight can get injured if they are put under too much stress. This results in lower back strain or pulled back muscle. The resulting pain can be severe that normally require medical attention.

About Lower Back Strain/Pulled Back Muscle

A pulled back muscle may seem like a minor injury. But it usually results in serious pain and muscle spasms.

Muscle strain happens when muscle fibers wear and tear due to being overused and overstretched. This is also known as a pulled muscle. Due to wear and tear, ligaments that are fibrous tissues that connect the bones become torn. The back is prone to the strain due to involvement in movements such as bending, twisting, and moving.

Inflammation or swelling is the normal response to a lower back injury. The blood is rushed to the injured tissue as part of the natural healing process. The inflamed muscle may feel tender to ...

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BPS 12: Lumbar Spine Pain — Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Our lumbar spine consists of interconnecting bones, nerves, joints, ligaments,and muscles. The lower back portion of the spine provides supports to the body. It also offers strength and flexibility. But the complex structure is also susceptible to injury resulting in pain.

In this article, you will learn about the causes of lumbar spine pain. You will also learn about the diagnosis and treatment option of the lower back pain.

What are the Causes of Lumbar Spine Pain?

A lot of different factors can contribute to lumbar spine pain. The pain can occur due to disc degeneration due to aging. It can also occur due to a wrong sitting posture or an injury to the ligaments, muscles, joints, or disc.

The lower back pain is one of the most used parts of the body. A simple motion such as bending and lifting involves the movement of the lumbar spine. The muscles at the back are responsible for rotating and flexing the hips. It also supports the spinal column. Overtime, the lumbar spine disc gets damaged due to wear and tear resulting in pain. Degenerated or damaged disc results in inflammation and muscle spasm in the area leading to lower back pain.

Types of Lumba ...

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Robin BackPainExpert

Physiotherapists & Back Pain Expert

Twenty years ago I was lucky to survive a serious hockey injury. In a sport where big men zoomaround on hard ice and solid wood sticks are slung furiously, a difficult back injury is what every player fears.
It took a long time for me to climb back to a normal life. But when I did, I was determined to spend the rest of his life helping back pain victims everywhere.
As a physiotherapist and back pain expert I have treated thousands of patients over 20 years, built a respected back pain clinic, created the site BackPainSecrets.Com and authored the book “Back Pain Secrets.”
Learn more about me here.