Category: Osteoporosis

BPS 31: Understanding Different Types of Back Pain

Knowing about the different types of pain will help you in better pain control. Pain can be divided into different categories. The treatment of a pain depends on the source and diagnosis of pain. In this post, you will learn about different types of pain.

Acute Pain

Acute pain lasts for a short time. The typical duration of an acute pain is around three to six months. This pain is generally related to tissue damage. Pain due to touching a hot stove, a needle prick, or a paper cut is known as acute pain. Other examples of acute pain include pain due to hitting one’s fingers with a hammer and childbirth pain.

Chronic Pain

When pain lasts for more than six months, the pain is known as chronic pain. This type of pain occurs when the tissue has not healed thereby causing pain. Degenerative disc disease and physical deconditioning due to lack of exercise and result in chronic pain. Sometimes chronic pain is not physical, but emotional in nature. This type of pain is caused due to emotional tension due to anxiety and depression.

Chronic pain can be divided into two types.

-Chronic Benign Pain — The type of chronic pain is caused by visce ...

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BPS 30: What are the Treatment Options for Neck Pain?

Neck pain is common in the US. The pain affects millions of people every year. In this post, we will explain different types of treatment options for neck pain.

Nonsurgical Treatment Option

Doctors recommend self-care as initial treatment for managing pain. Here are some of the nonsurgical treatment options of acute neck pain.


Most of the times, neck pain goes away on its own. Proper rest for a few days can accelerate the healing process of the neck tendons and muscles. During the healing period, it’s important to avoid strenuous movements and activities that may exacerbate pain.

Ice Massage or Heat Therapy

Ice massage or heat therapy can also help reduce pain. Initially, ice is applied to the affected area. Application of ice can reduce pain and swelling by closing small blood muscles. This prevents the swelling from getting worse. Next, heat and ice can be applied on an alternative basis to reduce pain.

Back Massage

Back massage can help soothe muscle spasms and tension. It will stimulate the circulation thereby accelerating the healing process. As a result, the pain subsides on its own within a few hours after a massage.

Improved Pos ...

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BPS 28: What Does Neck Grinding and Cracking Mean?

A cracking noise can sometimes be heard during movement of the neck. In some cases, the sound of snapping, grinding or popping may be heard when moving the neck. These sounds can be heard when moving the joints as well.

Most people have heard grinding or cracking of the neck at some point. The sound may be heard when turning the head when backing up the car. Generally, the sounds should not be a matter of a concern. However, if it occurs with other symptoms such as after a trauma or injury, it could be due to a serious medical problem.

About Neck Grinding and Cracking

Neck cracking and grinding are generally painless. It is can also sometimes be accompanied by different degrees of neck pain. The pain can range from dull aches to acute pains.

Generally, older people experience cracking or grinding of the neck, which is also known as neck crepitus. However, sometimes younger people can also experience neck pain. The frequency of neck grinding and cracking generally vary. Some people may experience pain after a few months, while others may experience the pain every day during neck movement.

Although neck crepitus can happen with arthritis, but the fact i ...

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BPS 24: What are the Treatment Options for Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease?

Treatment of degenerative disc disease focus on reducing the pain and improving mobility. Degenerative disc disease can be treated with either nonsurgical or surgical methods. Initially, doctors recommend nonsurgical options. However, if the pain does not subside with nonsurgical methods, the doctor suggests surgical treatment of the degenerative disc disease.

In some cases, doctors recommend a combination of nonsurgical methods like medications, physical therapy, and surgical methods. In this article, we will look at some of the common types of nonsurgical lumbar degenerative disc diseases.

1. Prescription or Over-the-counter (OTC) Medications

Individuals generally use OTC medications in order to get relief from pain. They may use medications such as ibuprofen, aspirin, or naproxen. These medications can reduce inflammation that causes nerve root irritation and discomfort. In addition, acetaminophen may be used as a pain reliever in case of lumbar degenerative disc disease.

In case the pain is not relieved with OTC medications, doctors may prescribe narcotic painkillers or muscle relaxants. The medications are common for the treatment of pain that lasts for ...

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BPS 22: What you Need to Know about Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)?

Lumbar degenerative disc disease result in lower back pain. The disease is age-related that occur due to wear and tear of the spinal disc. In this post, you will learn about the pain in the back that occurs due to pain in the vertebrae.

About Lumbar Degenerative Disc Disease (DDD)

Intervertebral discs are fibrous, tough structures. they act as ligaments between the vertebrae. The disc absorb pressure thereby acting as a shock absorber. The discs are flexible but strong enough to allow movements such as bending backward, forward, and side to side.

Lumbar degenerative disc disease is a misnomer. The reason is that it’s neither a disease nor the symptoms of the condition worsen over time. The discs stiffen naturally with age due to wear and tear. Everyone experience some form of disc degeneration. Due to stiffening of the spinal disc, an individual can experience different spinal disc problems, including lumbar degenerative disc disease.

Components of Intervertebral Disc

An understanding of the intervertebral disc that undergoes degermation will help in better understanding of the condition.

An intervertebral disc is composed of three main parts. T ...

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BSP 21: An Overview of Degenerative Disc Disease

Degenerative disc disease is a common condition that results in neck and back pain. The condition is also one of the least understood medical condition.

Degenerative disc disease can result in pain in the neck and back. The pain due to degenerative disc can occur in the lower or upper back. In this post, you will learn more about how degenerative disc disease causes back pain.

About Degenerative Disc Disease

Disc degermation is common that occurs with time. The spinal disks at the back act similar to shock absorbers in a car. They are located between the bones and vertebrae of the spine. The discs help the back stay flexible as you twist and bend.

Symptoms of degenerative disc disease include numbness, weakness, and shooting pains. The pain can occur in the back or also the arms and legs, known as radicular pain. Disc degeneration typically consists of a chronic pain with intermittent episodes of severe pain.

Types of a Disc Degeneration

There are two common types of disc degeneration.

-Lumbar Spine — Disc degeneration in the lumbar spine results in pain in the lower back.

-Cervical Spine — Cervical spine degermation result ...

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BPS 19: What are the Treatment Options for Spinal Stenosis?

Spinal stenosis affects about 2.4 million people in the US. Most people experience severe pain due to spinal stenosis. Individuals suffering from the condition have difficulty in walking or writing for a long period of time. Some people have to use a cane to maintain balance when walking.

Spinal stenosis problem can be treated with nonsurgical and surgical options. In this article, we will inform about five common treatment options for the condition.

1. Behavioral Modification

Individuals suffering from spinal stenosis treatment are ordered to avoid activities that can worsen the symptoms. Recommended activity modification may include walking while leaning on a walker, or bent over instead of walking upright. Also, the individual may be advised to sit in a recliner rather than sitting in a chair.

2. Epidural Injections

Another treatment option for spinal stenosis is epidural injection. Doctors inject cortisone into the epidural space. This can help provide temporary relief from symptoms of spinal stenosis. However, recent studies have questioned the efficacy of the injections. There has also been concern over the risk of corticosteroid injections for patient ...

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BPS 17: An Overview of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a serious medical condition that results due to the narrowing of the spinal nerves. Degeneration of the soft tissues that include the discs, muscles, and vertebrae may occur over time. The changes may ultimately lead to the spinal stenosis.

In this post, we will talk about a specific type of spinal stenosis known as lumbar spinal stenosis. Here you will learn about the symptoms, prognosis, diagnosis, and treatment of the condition.

About Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Stenosis is derived from the Greek word meaning choking. The condition often results due to degenerative bone diseases such as spondylolisthesis and osteoarthritis. Lumbar spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal nerves in the lower back get chocked. This most often leads to severe leg pain among other symptoms.

Individuals with lumbar spinal stenosis often experience pain while walking, which is known as claudication. The pain results in diminished activity levels. Patients generally feel relieved when at rest but the pain resumes when walking.

Symptoms of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Individuals with lumbar spinal stenosis may feel different symptoms. Some of the symptoms include th ...

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BPS 16: What are the Causes, Types, and Symptoms of Spinal Stenosis?

Stenosis refers to an abnormal narrowing of the body. Spinal stenosis is a condition where the narrowing occurs in the bone channel occupied by the spinal cord and spinal nerves. Some people are born with a congenital defect, but most develop this as part of the degenerative disc due to aging.

The narrowing of the bone channel may result in radiating pain, numbness, and weakness. It can also result in a secondary compression of the spinal cord or nerves.

What are the Causes of Spinal Stenosis?

Spinal stenosis can occur due to many reasons. Some people have a small spinal canal that results in narrowing in the space within the spine. Other causes of the condition include herniated disks, overgrowth of bone, tumors, thickened ligaments, and spinal injuries.

People over the age of 50 are susceptible to developing spinal stenosis. Although, it can also happen in younger individuals.

Types of Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis types are classified according to the location where the problem occurs. Based on the location, spinal stenosis can be divided into two types.

1. Cervical Spinal Stenosis

Cervical spinal stenosis occurs in the neck area. The cond ...

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BPS 12: Lumbar Spine Pain — Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

Our lumbar spine consists of interconnecting bones, nerves, joints, ligaments,and muscles. The lower back portion of the spine provides supports to the body. It also offers strength and flexibility. But the complex structure is also susceptible to injury resulting in pain.

In this article, you will learn about the causes of lumbar spine pain. You will also learn about the diagnosis and treatment option of the lower back pain.

What are the Causes of Lumbar Spine Pain?

A lot of different factors can contribute to lumbar spine pain. The pain can occur due to disc degeneration due to aging. It can also occur due to a wrong sitting posture or an injury to the ligaments, muscles, joints, or disc.

The lower back pain is one of the most used parts of the body. A simple motion such as bending and lifting involves the movement of the lumbar spine. The muscles at the back are responsible for rotating and flexing the hips. It also supports the spinal column. Overtime, the lumbar spine disc gets damaged due to wear and tear resulting in pain. Degenerated or damaged disc results in inflammation and muscle spasm in the area leading to lower back pain.

Types of Lumba ...

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Robin BackPainExpert

Physiotherapists & Back Pain Expert

Twenty years ago I was lucky to survive a serious hockey injury. In a sport where big men zoomaround on hard ice and solid wood sticks are slung furiously, a difficult back injury is what every player fears.
It took a long time for me to climb back to a normal life. But when I did, I was determined to spend the rest of his life helping back pain victims everywhere.
As a physiotherapist and back pain expert I have treated thousands of patients over 20 years, built a respected back pain clinic, created the site BackPainSecrets.Com and authored the book “Back Pain Secrets.”
Learn more about me here.